Bumphead Parrotfish: Bolbometopon muricatum

Hamilton, R.J., and Choat, J.H. (2012) Bumphead Parrotfish: Bolbometopon muricatum. In: Sadovy de Mitcheson, Yvonne, and Colin, Patrick L., (eds.) Reef Fish Spawning Aggregations: biology, research and management. Fish and Fisheries Series, 35 . Springer, Dordrecht, Netherlands, pp. 490-496.

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Bolbometopon muricatum (Valenciennes 1839), the largest of the scarine labrids (Choat et al. 2006), is an excavating parrotfish (Scaridae). The genus is monotypic comprises a distinct lineage within the group and is notable for its massive jaws and associated musculature (Bellwood 1994). The evolutionary history of the scarine labrids identifies them as a geographically widespread but relatively recent group, confined mainly to coral reefs. The lineage containing Bolbometopon diverged approximately 13 my bp (Alfaro et al. 2009). Although the parrotfishes have a number of distinctive morphological and nutritional traits recent phylogenetic analyses place them within the broader grouping of the Family Labridae (Westneat and Alfaro 2004). We now know that large wrasses such as Cheilinus undulatus (Chap. 12.13) are more closely related to large parrotfishes such as Bolbometopon than they are to any of the smaller wrasses that inhabit coral reefs. B. muricatum is widespread on Indo-Pacific coral reefs with a distribution covering 37.6 × 10 6 km 2 and extending from the Red Sea through the Indian Ocean and Indo- Australian archipelago to the central and southern Pacific excluding the Hawaiian Islands and the Marquesas. There is also some doubt as to whether this species occurs in the Society Islands (Rob Myers, personal communication in 2009).

Item ID: 20206
Item Type: Book Chapter (Research - B1)
ISBN: 978-94-007-1979-8
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Title of chapter: Species Case Studies, page 405-565.

Date Deposited: 05 Mar 2012 22:42
FoR Codes: 07 AGRICULTURAL AND VETERINARY SCIENCES > 0704 Fisheries Sciences > 070403 Fisheries Management @ 100%
SEO Codes: 83 ANIMAL PRODUCTION AND ANIMAL PRIMARY PRODUCTS > 8302 Fisheries - Wild Caught > 830299 Fisheries- Wild Caught not elsewhere classified @ 100%
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