Hookworm SCP/TAPS protein structure: a key to understanding host–parasite interactions and developing new interventions

Osman, Asiah, Wang, Conan K., Winter, Anja, Loukas, Alex, Tribolet, Leon, Gasser, Robin B., and Hofmann, Andreas (2012) Hookworm SCP/TAPS protein structure: a key to understanding host–parasite interactions and developing new interventions. Biotechnology Advances, 30 (3). pp. 652-657.

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SCP/TAPS proteins are a diverse family of molecules in eukaryotes, including parasites. Despite their abundant occurrence in parasite secretomes, very little is known about their functions in parasitic nematodes, including blood-feeding hookworms. Current information indicates that SCP/TAPS proteins (called Ancylostoma-secreted proteins, ASPs) of the canine hookworm, Ancylostoma caninum, represent at least three distinct groups of proteins. This information, combined with comparative modelling, indicates that all known ASPs have an equatorial groove that binds extended structures, such as peptides or glycans. To elucidate structure–function relationships, we explored the three-dimensional crystal structure of an ASP (called Ac-ASP-7), which is highly up-regulated in expression in the transition of A. caninum larvae from a free-living to a parasitic stage. The topology of the N-terminal domain is consistent with pathogenesis-related proteins, and the C-terminal extension that resembles the fold of the Hinge domain. By anomalous diffraction, we identified a new metal binding site in the C-terminal extension of the protein. Ac-ASP-7 is in a monomer–dimer equilibrium, and crystal-packing analysis identified a dimeric structure which might resemble the homo-dimer in solution. The dimer interaction interface includes a novel binding site for divalent metal ions, and is proposed to serve as a binding site for proteins involved in the parasite–host interplay at the molecular level. Understanding this interplay and the integration of structural and functional data could lead to the design of new approaches for the control of parasitic diseases, with biotechnological outcomes.

Item ID: 20022
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1873-1899
Keywords: SCP/TAPS proteins, activation-associated secreted proteins, ancylostoma-secreted proteins, protein structure, host–parasite interactions Pathogenesis-related proteins
Date Deposited: 26 Mar 2012 23:33
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1108 Medical Microbiology > 110803 Medical Parasitology @ 100%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9201 Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions) > 920109 Infectious Diseases @ 100%
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