Framing GM crops as a food security solution

Dibden, Jacqui, Gibbs, David, and Cocklin, Chris (2013) Framing GM crops as a food security solution. Journal of Rural Studies, 29. pp. 59-70.

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Abstract

The spectre of a food security crisis has raised important questions about future directions for agriculture and given fresh impetus to a long-standing debate about the potential contribution of agricultural biotechnology to food security. This paper considers the discursive foundations for promotion of agricultural biotechnology, arguing that notions of progress and 'science-based' risk assessment act as 'anti-political' strategies to remove consideration of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) from the cut and thrust of politics, while the concept of 'food security' reconstitutes agricultural biotechnology as a moral imperative. We argue that a debate ostensibly focussed on developing countries in fact largely arises from discordant views about the future of farming and rural areas in the developed countries where these arguments are taking place. These debates are examined through a comparative study of the UK and Australia. Whereas acceptance of GM crops and foods at government and industry level has not led to commercial adoption in the UK due to consumer resistance and the influence of EU regulations, Australian governments at federal and state level have increasingly embraced GM crops, potentially locking Australia into a food and farming trajectory based on agricultural biotechnology.

Item ID: 19954
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1873-1392
Keywords: agricultural biotechnology, agri-food paradigms, food security, genetically modified crops, farming trajectories, progress
Date Deposited: 13 Mar 2012 03:23
FoR Codes: 07 AGRICULTURAL AND VETERINARY SCIENCES > 0701 Agriculture, Land and Farm Management > 070108 Sustainable Agricultural Development @ 30%
16 STUDIES IN HUMAN SOCIETY > 1604 Human Geography > 160401 Economic Geography @ 50%
16 STUDIES IN HUMAN SOCIETY > 1605 Policy and Administration > 160507 Environment Policy @ 20%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9607 Environmental Policy, Legislation and Standards > 960705 Rural Land Policy @ 30%
96 ENVIRONMENT > 9606 Environmental and Natural Resource Evaluation > 960605 Institutional Arrangements for Environmental Protection @ 70%
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