Postnatal maturation of the hyperpolarization-activated cation current, Ih, in trigeminal sensory systems neurons

Cho, Hyun-jung, Furness, John, and Jennings, Ernest (2011) Postnatal maturation of the hyperpolarization-activated cation current, Ih, in trigeminal sensory systems neurons. Journal of Neurophysiology, 106 (4). pp. 2045-2056.

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Hyperpolarization-activated inward currents (Ih) contribute to neuronal excitability in sensory neurons. Four subtypes of hyperpolarization-activated cyclic nucleotide-gated (HCN) channels generate Ih, with different activation kinetics and cAMP sensitivities. The aim of the present study was to examine the postnatal development of Ih and HCN channel subunits in trigeminal ganglion (TG) neurons. Ih was investigated in acutely dissociated TG neurons from rats aged between postnatal day (P)1 and P35 with whole cell patch-clamp electrophysiology. In voltage-clamp studies, Ih was activated by a series of hyperpolarizing voltage steps from −40 mV to −120 mV in −10-mV increments. Tail currents from a common voltage step (−100 mV) were used to determine Ih voltage dependence. Ih activation was faster in older rats and occurred at more depolarized potentials; the half-maximal activation voltage (V1/2) changed from −89.4 mV (P1) to −81.6 mV (P35). In current-clamp studies, blocking Ih with ZD7288 caused membrane hyperpolarization and increases in action potential half-duration at all postnatal ages examined. ZD7288 also reduced the action potential firing frequency in multiple-firing neurons. Western blot analysis of the TG detected immunoreactive bands corresponding to all HCN subtypes. HCN1 and HCN2 band density increased with postnatal age, whereas the low-intensity HCN3 and moderate-intensity HCN4 bands were not changed. This study suggests that functional Ih are activated in rat trigeminal sensory neurons from P1 during postnatal development, have an increasing role with age, and modify neuronal excitability.

Item ID: 19546
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1522-1598
Keywords: hyperpolarization-activated cyclic nucleotide-gated channel, trigeminal ganglion, ZD7288
Date Deposited: 16 Jan 2012 22:55
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1109 Neurosciences > 110906 Sensory Systems @ 100%
SEO Codes: 97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970111 Expanding Knowledge in the Medical and Health Sciences @ 100%
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