Emerging animal diseases bulletin: current status of cutaneous leishmaniasis in Australia

Dougall, Annette, and Holt, Deborah (2011) Emerging animal diseases bulletin: current status of cutaneous leishmaniasis in Australia. Australian Veterinary Journal, 89 (9). Bulletin No. 106. N10-N12.

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Leishmaniasis is a well-documented disease of humans and animals worldwide. In humans, leishmaniasis is generally zoonotic with a number of different clinical manifestations ranging from single or multiple skin lesions (cutaneous leishmaniasis) to destruction of the mucosae, including the soft cartilage of the nasal septum (mucocutaneous leishmaniasis) or systemic infections of the liver and spleen (visceral leishmaniasis). The disease is caused by the single-celled, flagellate protozoan parasites Leishmania. Over 20 species of Leishmania are known to cause leishmaniasis in humans and other animals. The Leishmania parasite maintains a complex life cycle which involves a reservoir host (often asymptomatic), and a phlebotomine sand fly vector. In the mammalian reservoir host, Leishmania parasites exist as intracellular amastigotes within macrophages. However, in the sand fly gut and in vitro culture, they are extracellular, flagellate promastigotes.

Item ID: 19276
Item Type: Article (Other)
ISSN: 1751-0813
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Further reading:

Rose K, Curtis J, Baldwin T et al. Cutaneous leishmaniasis in red kangaroos: isolation and characterisation of the causative organisms. Int J Parasitol 2004;34:655–664.

Dougall A, Shilton C, Low Choy J, Alexander B, Walton S. New reports of Australian cutaneous leishmaniasis in Northern Australian macropods. Epidemiol Infect 2009;137:1516–1520.

Dougall AM, Alexander B, Holt DC et al. Evidence incriminating midges (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) as potential vectors of Leishmania in Australia. Int J Parasitol 2011;41:571–579.

Debenham ML. Australasian Species of the bloodfeeding Forcipomyia Subgenera, Lasiohelea and Dacnoforcipomyia (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae). Aust J Zool Suppl Series 1983;31:1–61.

Date Deposited: 12 Dec 2011 04:50
FoR Codes: 07 AGRICULTURAL AND VETERINARY SCIENCES > 0707 Veterinary Sciences > 070708 Veterinary Parasitology @ 100%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9604 Control of Pests, Diseases and Exotic Species > 960499 Control of Pests, Diseases and Exotic Species not elsewhere classified @ 100%
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