Temporomandibular joint reconstruction with total alloplastic joint replacement

Jones, R.H.B. (2011) Temporomandibular joint reconstruction with total alloplastic joint replacement. Australian Dental Journal, 56 (1). pp. 85-91.

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This paper is a preliminary paper which presents the early findings of an ongoing prospective trial on the use of the TMJ Concepts and Biomet Lorenz total joint replacement systems for the reconstruction of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ).

Total alloplastic replacement of the TMJ has become a viable option for many people who suffer from TMJ disease where surgical reconstruction is indicated. Degenerative joint diseases such as osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, TMJ ankylosis, malunited condylar fractures and tumours can be successfully treated using this technique.

There are a number of TMJ prostheses available. Two of the joint replacement products, which have been found to be most reliable and have FDA approval in the United States, are the TMJ Concepts system and the Biomet Lorenz system, and for this reason they are being investigated in this study.

This study presents the findings of seven patients with a total of 12 joint replacements using either the TMJ Concepts system or the Biomet Lorenz joint system. Two patients (3 joints) had the TMJ Concepts system and five patients (9 joints) had the Biomet Lorenz system.

Although still early, the results were generally pleasing, with the longest replacement having been in position for three years and the most recent six months. The average postoperative mouth opening was 29.7 mm (range 25–35 mm) with an average pain score of 1.7 (range 0–3, minimum score of 0 and maximum 10). Complications were minimal and related to sensory disturbance to the lip in one patient and joint dislocation in two patients.

Item ID: 19067
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1834-7819
Keywords: alloplastic, replacement, temporomandibular joint
Date Deposited: 31 Oct 2011 12:14
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1105 Dentistry > 110501 Dental Materials and Equipment @ 100%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9201 Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions) > 920113 Oro-Dental Disorders @ 100%
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