An inflection in the rate of early mid-Holocene eustatic sea-level rise: a new sea-level curve from Singapore

Bird, M.I., Fifield, L.K., Teh, T.S., Chang, C.H., Shirlaw, N., and Lambeck, K. (2007) An inflection in the rate of early mid-Holocene eustatic sea-level rise: a new sea-level curve from Singapore. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 71 (3-4). pp. 523-536.

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Abstract

This study presents a sea-level curve from ~9500 to ~6500 cal BP for the farfield location of Singapore, on the Sunda Shelf in southeast Asia. The curve is based on more than 50 radiocarbon dates from elevations of +1.43 m to −15.09 m representing sea-level index points in intertidal mangrove and shallow marine sediments deposited by sea-level rise accompanying deglaciation. The results indicate that mean sea level rose rapidly from around −17 m at 9500 cal BP to around −3 m by 8000 cal BP. After this time, the data suggest (but do not unequivocally prove) that the rate of sea-rise slowed for a period of 300–500 years centred on ~7700 cal BP, shortly after the cessation of meltwater input to the oceans from the northern hemisphere. Renewed sea-level rise amounting to 3–5 m began around 7400 cal BP and was complete by 7000 cal BP. The existence of an inflection in the rate of sea-level rise, with a slow-down centred on ~7700 cal BP, is broadly consistent with other available sea-level curves over this interval and is supported by evidence of stable shorelines and delta initiation elsewhere at this time, as well as evidence of comparatively rapid retreat of the West Antarctic ice sheet beginning around 7500 cal BP. 'Stepped' sea-level rise occurring shortly after 7500 cal BP and also earlier during deglaciation may have served to focus significant post-glacial episodes of human maritime/coastal dispersal, into comparatively narrow time intervals.

Item ID: 18844
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1096-0015
Keywords: Holocene; sea level; radiocarbon; Sundaland; mangrove; palaeoclimate
Date Deposited: 03 Oct 2011 01:39
FoR Codes: 04 EARTH SCIENCES > 0406 Physical Geography and Environmental Geoscience > 040606 Quaternary Environments @ 100%
SEO Codes: 97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970104 Expanding Knowledge in the Earth Sciences @ 100%
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