Pre-renal azotemia

Nicholls, Philip K., Squires, Richard, and Wallace, Melissa (2008) Pre-renal azotemia. In: UNSPECIFIED, (ed.) Vetstream FELIS. Vetstream, UK, pp. 1-3.

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• Azotemia = increased concentration of non-protein nitrogenous waste products, ie urea and creatinine, in the blood.

• Pre-renal azotemia = azotemia due to inadequate renal perfusion.

• Pre-renal azotemia may be present concurrently with primary renal and post-renal azotemia.

• Cause: decreased renal perfusion, may be caused by dehydration, reduced cardiac output, hemorrhagic shock, etc.

• Signs: dependent on underlying cause but often include vomiting, lethargy, anorexia, diarrhea, etc.

• Diagnosis: elevated serum BUN and creatinine with urine specific gravity >1.035.

• Treatment: treat underlying cause.

• Prognosis: reversible if treated early; longstanding decreased renal perfusion → renal parenchymal damage.

Item ID: 18762
Item Type: Book Chapter (Reference)
ISSN: 1757-8264
Additional Information:

This is a Vetstream FELIS peer reviewed journal article that was first published online in November 2008. It is updated quarterly.

Date Deposited: 27 Sep 2011 02:01
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