Feline azotemia

Cannon, Martha, and Squires, Richard (2008) Feline azotemia. In: UNSPECIFIED, (ed.) Vetstream FELIS. Vetstream, pp. 1-3.

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• Azotemia is an increased concentration of nonprotein nitrogenous compounds (eg urea and creatinine) in the blood. "Uremia" is the clinical syndrome that occurs as a result of severe azotemia due to abnormal renal function.

• Causes:

◦ Reduced glomerular filtration rate:

- Reduced renal perfusion (pre-renal azotemia).

- Primary renal disease (renal azotemia).

- Obstruction to urinary outflow (post-renal azotemia).

◦ Uroabdomen leading to reabsorption of urinary nitrogenous compounds (post-renal azotemia).

◦ Increased absorption of nonprotein nitrogenous compounds from the gastro-intestinal tract, eg GI bleeding, high protein meal.

◦ Increased protein catabolism, eg fever, trauma, burns, hyperthyroidism.

• A degree of pre-renal azotemia may be super-imposed on pre-existing renal or post-renal azotemia.

Item ID: 18757
Item Type: Book Chapter (Reference)
ISSN: 1757-8264
Additional Information:

This is a Vetstream FELIS peer reviewed journal article that was first published online in November 2008. It is updated quarterly.

Date Deposited: 27 Sep 2011 01:29
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