A sero-epidemiological survey of equine piroplasmosis in the Northern and Eastern Cape Provinces of South Africa

Gummow, B., de Wet, C.S., and de Waal, D.T. (1996) A sero-epidemiological survey of equine piroplasmosis in the Northern and Eastern Cape Provinces of South Africa. Journal of the South African Veterinary Association, 67 (4). pp. 204-208.

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Abstract

Serum samples from yearling Thoroughbred horses (n = 176) in the magisterial districts of Colesberg, Venterstad, and Wodehouse in the Northern and Eastern Cape Provinces were collected between September and November 1995 to determine the prevalence of antibodies to Babesia equi and Babesia caballi in these regions. Samples were examined for specific antibodies using the indirect fluorescent antibody test. The 95 % confidence intervals for the prevalence of serum antibodies in the 3 districts combined varied from 47 % to 61 % for B. equi and from 26 % to 40 % for B. caballi. Antibody prevalence did not correlate with the known distributions of the tick vectors (Rhipicephalus evertsi evertsi and Hyalomma truncatum). Colts had a significantly higher prevalence of antibodies against B. caballi than fillies. No such difference could be determined for B. equi.

Item ID: 18676
Item Type: Article (Refereed Research - C1)
Keywords: Babesia caballi, Babesia equi, Cape Province, epidemiology, equine, horses, prevalence, South Africa, survey, ticks
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ISSN: 1019-9128
Date Deposited: 11 Jun 2012 23:42
FoR Codes: 07 AGRICULTURAL AND VETERINARY SCIENCES > 0707 Veterinary Sciences > 070704 Veterinary Epidemiology @ 100%
SEO Codes: 97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970107 Expanding Knowledge in the Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences @ 100%
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