Highlighting the history of French radio astronomy. 7. The genesis of the Institute of Radioastronomy at Millimeter wavelengths (IRAM)

Encrenaz, Pierre, Gómez-González, Jesús, Lequeux, James, and Orchiston, Wayne (2011) Highlighting the history of French radio astronomy. 7. The genesis of the Institute of Radioastronomy at Millimeter wavelengths (IRAM). Journal of Astronomical History and Heritage, 14 (2). pp. 83-92.

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Abstract

Radio astronomy in France and in Germany started around 1950. France was then building interferometers and Germany large single dishes, so it was not unexpected that their first projects involving millimetre radio astronomy were respectively with an interferometer and a single dish. In this paper, we explain in detail how these two projects finally merged in 1979 with the formation of the Institute of Radio Astronomy at Millimetre wavelengths (IRAM), after a long process with many ups and downs. We also describe how Spain started radio astronomy by joining IRAM. Presently, IRAM is the most powerful facility worldwide for millimetre radio astronomy.

Item ID: 18518
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1440-2807
Keywords: radio telescope, radio interferometer, IRAM, radio astronomy, millimetre waves
Date Deposited: 06 Sep 2011 05:59
FoR Codes: 02 PHYSICAL SCIENCES > 0201 Astronomical and Space Sciences > 020199 Astronomical and Space Sciences not elsewhere classified @ 100%
SEO Codes: 97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970102 Expanding Knowledge in the Physical Sciences @ 100%
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