Altered macrophage function is associated with severe Burkholderia pseudomallei infection in a murine model of type 2 diabetes

Hodgson, Kelly A., Morris, Jodie L., Feterl, Marshall L., Govan, Brenda L., and Ketheesan, Natkunam (2011) Altered macrophage function is associated with severe Burkholderia pseudomallei infection in a murine model of type 2 diabetes. Microbes and Infection, 13 (14-15). pp. 1177-1184.

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Abstract

This study used a murine model of type 2 diabetes (BKS.Cg-Dock7m +/+ Leprdb/J mice) to investigate the inflammatory and cellular mechanisms predisposing to Burkholderia pseudomallei infection and co-morbid diabetes. Homozygous db/db (diabetic) mice developed extreme obesity, dyslipidaemia and glucose intolerance leading to hyperglycaemia and overt type 2 diabetes. Compared to their heterozygous db/+ (non-diabetic) littermates, diabetic mice rapidly succumbed to subcutaneous B. pseudomallei infection, paralleled by severe hypoglycaemia and increased expression of the proinflammatory cytokines, tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-α and interleukin (IL)-1β, in the spleen, despite comparable bacterial loads in the spleen of non-diabetic mice. Neutrophil oxidative burst and dendritic cell uptake and killing of B. pseudomallei were similar between diabetic and non-diabetic mice. Compared to peritoneal macrophages from non-diabetic mice, macrophages from diabetic mice were unable to contain and kill B. pseudomallei. Functional differences between macrophages of diabetic and non-diabetic mice toward B. pseudomallei may contribute to rapid dissemination and more severe disease progression in hosts with co-morbid type 2 diabetes.

Item ID: 18439
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1769-714X
Keywords: type 2 diabetes; melioidosis; Burkholderia pseudomallei; host-pathogen interactions; macrophage
Date Deposited: 17 May 2012 05:07
FoR Codes: 06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0605 Microbiology > 060502 Infectious Agents @ 50%
11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1103 Clinical Sciences > 110309 Infectious Diseases @ 30%
11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1107 Immunology > 110704 Cellular Immunology @ 20%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9201 Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions) > 920109 Infectious Diseases @ 100%
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