Can conservation and development really be integrated?

Sayer, Jeffrey (2009) Can conservation and development really be integrated? Madagascar Conservation & Development, 4 (1). pp. 9-12.

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Most biodiversity conservation projects in poor tropical countries also aspire to alleviate the poverty of local people. The results of these integrated conservation and development projects have often been disappointing. This paper argues that it would be impossible for both practical and ethical reasons for conservation programmes to ignore the needs of poor people who live in and around the natural areas that we seek to conserve. The problem is not whether we should attempt to integrate conservation and development but rather how we should attempt to do so. Recommendations are made for a number of principles that should underlie such programmes. It is argued that they should operate at the scale of landscape mosaics, they should be firmly rooted in local social processes and they should make the tradeoffs between conservation and development explicit. Less effort should go into planning them and more into working with local stakeholders to explore options and find solutions that meet both local livelihood needs and global conservation goals.

Item ID: 18384
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1662-2510
Keywords: conservation, development, landscape, livelihoods, biodiversity
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Date Deposited: 27 Sep 2011 05:26
FoR Codes: 05 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 0502 Environmental Science and Management > 050299 Environmental Science and Management not elsewhere classified @ 100%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9607 Environmental Policy, Legislation and Standards > 960799 Environmental Policy, Legislation and Standards not elsewhere classified @ 100%
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