Microbes do not follow the elevational diversity patterns of plants and animals

Fierer, Noah, McCain, Christy M., Meir, Patrick, Zimmermann, Michael, Rapp, Joshua M., Silman, Miles R., and Knight, Rob (2011) Microbes do not follow the elevational diversity patterns of plants and animals. Ecology, 92 (4). pp. 797-804.

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The elevational gradient in plant and animal diversity is one of the most widely documented patterns in ecology and, although no consensus explanation exists, many hypotheses have been proposed over the past century to explain these patterns. Historically, research on elevational diversity gradients has focused almost exclusively on plant and animal taxa. As a result, we do not know whether microbes exhibit elevational gradients in diversity that parallel those observed for macroscopic taxa. This represents a key knowledge gap in ecology, especially given the ubiquity, abundance, and functional importance of microbes. Here we show that, across a montane elevational gradient in eastern Peru, bacteria living in three distinct habitats (organic soil, mineral soil, and leaf surfaces) exhibit no significant elevational gradient in diversity (r2 < 0.17, P > 0.1 in all cases), in direct contrast to the significant diversity changes observed for plant and animal taxa across the same montane gradient (r2 > 0.75, P < 0.001 in all cases). This finding suggests that the biogeographical patterns exhibited by bacteria are fundamentally different from those of plants and animals, highlighting the need for the development of more inclusive concepts and theories in biogeography to explain these disparities.

Item ID: 17757
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1939-9170
Keywords: 16S rRNA genes, bacterial diversity, montane diversity gradient, phyllosphere bacteria, pyrosequencing, soil bacteria
Date Deposited: 11 Aug 2011 05:07
FoR Codes: 06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0602 Ecology > 060208 Terrestrial Ecology @ 100%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9608 Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity > 960810 Mountain and High Country Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity @ 100%
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