Temporal variation and climate dependence of soil respiration and its components along a 3000 m altitudinal tropical forest gradient

Zimmermann, Michael, Meir, Patrick, Bird, Michael I., Malhi, Yadvinder, and Ccahuana, Adan J.Q. (2010) Temporal variation and climate dependence of soil respiration and its components along a 3000 m altitudinal tropical forest gradient. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 24. 1 -13.

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Abstract

To simulate the effect of temperature on soil respiration rates, we translocated soil cores among four sites (3030, 1500, 1000, and 200 m asl) along an altitudinal tropical forest gradient in the Peruvian Andes, traversing a difference in mean annual temperature of 13.9˚C. Rates of total (Rs) and heterotrophic (Rsh) respiration were measured twice a month from April 2007 to March 2009 and additionally for full 24 h periods. The diurnal range in Rs increased with altitude; this variation was mainly root and litter derived, whereas Rsh varied only slightly over full 24 h periods. Although mean annual daytime Rs rates were not significantly different among the four sites (4.45–4.05 μmol CO2 m−2 s−1), the annual amount of respired C decreased with increasing altitude from 1639 g C m−2 yr−1 at 200 m asl to 1064 g C m−2 yr−1 at 3030 m asl. The contribution of Rsh to Rs was not correlated with elevation and ranged from 25% to 60%. The temperature dependence of Rs was lower at the midelevation sites (Q10 of 2.07 and 2.94 at 1500 and 1000 m asl, respectively) than at the highest and lowest sites of the gradient (Q10 of 4.33 and 6.92 at 3030 and 200 m asl, respectively). The temperature sensitivity of Rsh was higher for the sites at 3030 and 200 m asl and increased with time, i.e., with the loss of the most labile C pools.

Item ID: 17756
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1944-9224
Date Deposited: 15 Aug 2011 01:15
FoR Codes: 05 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 0503 Soil Sciences > 050304 Soil Chemistry (excl Carbon Sequestration Science) @ 100%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9614 Soils > 961499 Soils not elsewhere classified @ 100%
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