Implications of the finding of no significant carotid stenosis based on data from a regional Australia vascular unit

Palamuthusingam, Dharmenaan, Quigley, Frank, and Golledge, Jonathan (2011) Implications of the finding of no significant carotid stenosis based on data from a regional Australia vascular unit. Annals of Vascular Surgery, 25 (8). pp. 1050-1056.

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Background: The aim of this study was to assess the long-term clinical outcomes in terms of vascular events in patients who showed nosignificant or mild carotidstenosis (<50%) and thus in whom surgical intervention was not planned. Patients were recruited through referrals to avascular laboratory between January 2000 and June 2000. One hundred thirty-two of 316 (42%) patients referred for carotid duplex scan were identified to have mild carotid artery disease.

Methods: A retrospective observational study of patients identified to have mild carotid artery stenosis from aregionalvascularunit in Australia was carried out. Patients were followed up over an 8-year period. Outcomes were assessed in relation to the patients’ presenting complaint and risk factor profile. Outcomes included the following: (1) combined cardiovascular events (fatal and nonfatal strokes, fatal and nonfatal myocardial infarctions, and cardiac admissions, which included arrhythmias and angina), (2) strokes (both fatal and nonfatal strokes), and (3) all-cause mortality.

Results: The patient sample included 75 men and 57 women. The median age of the patients was 69.9 (interquartile range: 63.4-76.7) years. There were a total of 49 vascular events in 46 of the 132 patients, including 16 nonfatal and 2 fatal myocardial infarctions, 19 admissions for cardiac reasons other than an acute coronary syndrome, and 12 nonfatal strokes. The cardiovascular and stroke rates were 33.9% and 13.0% at 7.7 years, respectively. The incidence of strokes was highest among those who presented with a previous stroke or a transient ischemic attack.

Conclusions: The long-term clinical outcomes of patients who were referred for duplex ultrasonography and found to have <50% stenosis were not benign. Asignificant number of vascular events were observed in this study group. Those who presented with a history of stroke or transient ischemic attack were at particular risk of another stroke.

Item ID: 17420
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1615-5947
Date Deposited: 26 Mar 2012 05:34
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1102 Cardiovascular Medicine and Haematology > 110201 Cardiology (incl Cardiovascular Diseases) @ 100%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9201 Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions) > 920103 Cardiovascular System and Diseases @ 100%
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