Entrainment in turbulent fountain flow

Williamson, N., Armfield, S.W., and Lin, Wenxian (2010) Entrainment in turbulent fountain flow. In: Proceedings of the 17th Australasian Fluid Mechanics Conference. pp. 1-4. From: 17th Australasian Fluid Mechanics Conference, 5-9 December 2010, Auckland, New Zealand.

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Numerical simulations of turbulent fountain flow are used to investigate the important mass transfer mechanisms present in the forced fountain flow regime, which has been reported to exist at Froude numbers (Fr) greater than 3. The flow is equivalent to a negatively buoyant jet with three flow streams, the inner upflow (IF), the outer downflow (OF) and the surrounding ambient fluid (AF). Simulation results are presented for Fr = 4 and 7 at Reynolds number Re = 3350. The results suggest that the OF may be relatively well described by the dynamics of a pure line plume surrounding the IF but with higher entrainment owing to the unsteady pulsing behaviour of the flow entering the OF from the IF. The length scale for a pure plume appears to apply at Fr = 7 in the OF. Comparisons with previous results suggest the IF is not fully developed at Fr = 7 and entrainment into the IF from the OF may not occur until Fr > 15.

Item ID: 16849
Item Type: Conference Item (Research - E1)
ISBN: 978-0-86869-129-9
Funders: Australian Research Council
Date Deposited: 11 May 2011 05:03
FoR Codes: 09 ENGINEERING > 0915 Interdisciplinary Engineering > 091504 Fluidisation and Fluid Mechanics @ 100%
SEO Codes: 97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970109 Expanding Knowledge in Engineering @ 100%
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