Thrombus volume is associated with cardiovascular events and aneurysm growth in patients who have abdominal aortic aneurysms

Parr, Adam, McCann, Moira, Bradshaw, Barbara, Shahzad, Anwar, Buttner, Petra, and Golledge, Jonathan (2011) Thrombus volume is associated with cardiovascular events and aneurysm growth in patients who have abdominal aortic aneurysms. Journal of Vascular Surgery, 53 (1). pp. 28-35.

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Background Patients with abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) are predisposed to cardiovascular events and often experience continual expansion of their aneurysm. Cardiovascular events and expansion rates are positively correlated with aneurysm size. AAA is usually associated with intraluminal thrombus, which has previously been implicated in AAA pathogenesis. This study prospectively assessed the association of infrarenal abdominal aortic thrombus volume with cardiovascular events and AAA growth.

Methods Ninety-eight patients with AAAs underwent computed tomography angiography (CTA). The volume of infrarenal aorta thrombus was measured by a previously validated technique. Patients were monitored prospectively for a median of 3 years (interquartile range [IQR], 2.0-3.6 years), and cardiovascular events (nonfatal stroke, nonfatal myocardial infarction, coronary revascularization, amputation, and cardiovascular death) were recorded. Of the original patients, 39 underwent repeat CTA a median of 1.5 years (IQR, 1.1-3.3 years) after entry to the study. Kaplan-Meier and Cox proportional analysis were used to examine the association of aortic thrombus with cardiovascular events and average weighted AAA growth.

Results There were 28 cardiovascular events during follow-up. The incidence of cardiovascular events was 23.4% and 49.2% for patients with small (smaller than the median) and large (median or larger) volumes of aortic thrombus, respectively, at 4 years (P = .040). AAA thrombus volume of median or larger was associated with increased cardiovascular events (relative risk [RR] 2.8, 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.01-5.24) independent of other risk factors, including initial AAA diameter, but was only of borderline significance when patients were censored at the time of AAA repair (RR, 2.35; 95% CI, 0.98-5.63). In the subset of patients with CTA follow-up, the median annual increase in AAA volume was 5.1 cm3 (IQR, 0.8-10.3 cm3). Annual AAA volume increase was positively correlated with initial AAA diameter (r = 0.44, P = .006) and thrombus volume (r = 0.50, P = .001). Median or larger aortic thrombus volume was associated with rapid AAA volume increase (≥5 cm/y), independent of initial aortic diameter (RR, 15.0; 95% CI, 1.9-115.7; P = .009).

Conclusion In this small cohort, infrarenal aortic thrombus volume was associated with the incidence of cardiovascular events and AAA progression. These results need to be confirmed and mechanisms underlying the associations clarified in large further studies.

Item ID: 16834
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1097-6809
Date Deposited: 11 Jul 2011 00:35
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1102 Cardiovascular Medicine and Haematology > 110201 Cardiology (incl Cardiovascular Diseases) @ 100%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9201 Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions) > 920103 Cardiovascular System and Diseases @ 100%
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