Mechanism of Cytotoxicity and Cellular Uptake of Lipophilic Inert Dinuclear Polypyridylruthenium(II) Complexes

Pisani, Michelle J., Fromm, Phillip D., Mulyana, Yanyan, Clarke, Ronald J., Körner, Heinrich, Heimann, Kirsten, Collins, J. Grant, and Keene, F. Richard (2011) Mechanism of Cytotoxicity and Cellular Uptake of Lipophilic Inert Dinuclear Polypyridylruthenium(II) Complexes. ChemMedChem, 6 (5). pp. 848-858.

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The accumulation, uptake mechanism, cytotoxicity, cellular localisation of—and mode of cell death induced by—dinuclear ruthenium(II) complexes ΔΔ/ΛΛ-[{Ru(phen)2}2{μ-bbn}]4+ (Rubbn), where phen is 1,10-phenanthroline, bbn is bis[4(4'-methyl-2,2'-bipyridyl)]-1,n-alkane (n=2, 5, 7, 10, 12 or 16), and the corresponding mononuclear complexes containing the bbn ligands, were studied in L1210 murine leukaemia cells. Cytotoxicity increased with linker chain length, and the ΔΔ-Rubb16 complex displayed the highest cytotoxicity of the series, with an IC50 value of 5 μM, similar to that of carboplatin in the L1210 murine leukaemia cell line. Confocal microscopy and flow cytometry studies indicated that the complexes accumulate in the mitochondria of L1210 cells, with the magnitude of cellular uptake and accumulation increasing with linking chain length in the bbn bridge of the metal complex. ΔΔ-Rubb16 entered the L1210 cells by passive diffusion (with a minor contribution from protein-mediated active transport), inducing cell death via apoptosis. Additionally, metal-complex uptake in leukaemia cells was approximately 16-times that observed in healthy B cells highlighting that the bbn series of complexes may have potential as selective anticancer drugs.

Item ID: 16814
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1860-7187
Keywords: apoptosis, bioinorganic chemistry, cellular uptake, cytotoxicity, ruthenium polypyridyl complexes
Funders: Australian Research Council
Date Deposited: 21 Jun 2011 06:52
FoR Codes: 03 CHEMICAL SCIENCES > 0302 Inorganic Chemistry > 030201 Bioinorganic Chemistry @ 100%
SEO Codes: 97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970103 Expanding Knowledge in the Chemical Sciences @ 100%
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