Head lice repellents

Canyon, Deon (2010) Head lice repellents. In: Heukelbach, Jorg, (ed.) Management and Control of Head Lice Infestations. Uni-Med Verlag AG, Bremen, Germany, pp. 87-92.

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Abstract

[Extract] The failure of pediculicide products in many countries (Chapter 6.4.) has resulted in increased consideration of preventative methods, which most commonly involve the use of repellents. In general, insect repellents are used as a means of personal protection against biting arthropods. At present, one of the most effective methodologies to prevent transmission of insect-borne disease is to use repellents, which over-sensitise the chemoreceptive organs of the vector and disorient it from seeking a blood meal from a human host. Lice repellents were thus initially drawn from the arsenal of chemicals commonly found to be effective against other insects such as mosquitoes and biting flies; however little empirical evidence exists. Herbal lore often promotes the use of essential oils, however, in most cases, little more than anecdotal evidence exists and empirical evidence does not tend to substantiate claims of efficacy or is contradictory. With increasing global prevalence of pediculosis and accompanying increasing awareness, the number of head lice repellents and preventatives available over the counter has increased dramatically without any quality assurance or control. Although synthetic chemicals require scrutiny before they reach the market, botanical formulations and phytochemicals require no testing for either efficacy or toxicity.

Item ID: 16724
Item Type: Book Chapter (Teaching Material)
ISBN: 978-3-8374-1203-1
Keywords: head lice, infestations, management, control
Additional Information:

Chapter 6: Treatment Options and Resistance

Date Deposited: 11 May 2011 22:38
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1117 Public Health and Health Services > 111799 Public Health and Health Services not elsewhere classified @ 100%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9204 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) > 920499 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) not elsewhere classified @ 100%
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