The quantitative effect of diamond grit size on the subsurface damage induced in dental adjustment of porcelain surfaces

Song, X-F., and Yin, L. (2010) The quantitative effect of diamond grit size on the subsurface damage induced in dental adjustment of porcelain surfaces. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part H: Journal of Engineering in Medicine, 224 (10). pp. 1185-1194.

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Diamond burs with different grit sizes are often applied to adjust ceramic prostheses in restorative dentistry. However, the quantitative influence of diamond grit size on subsurface damage in adjusting ceramic prostheses is unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate and visualize the quantitative effect of diamond bur grit size on subsurface damage in dental adjusting of a feldspar prosthetic porcelain. Diamond burs with coarse (106-125 rm), medium (53-60 microm), and fine (10-20 microm) grit sizes were selected. Dental adjusting-induced subsurface damage was quantitatively investigated with the aid of finite element analysis (FEA) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Significant differences in subsurface damage depth were found among the coarse, medium, and fine diamond burs (ANOVA, p < 0.05). Coarse diamond burs induced approximately 6-8 times deeper subsurface damage than fine burs. Diamond grit size is confirmed to be a controlling factor in determining the degree of subsurface damage. Subsurface damage depths also significantly increased with removal rate (ANOVA, p< 0.05). The correlation of the SEM-measured subsurface damage depths and the diamond grit sizes supports the FEA predictions. From a practical standpoint, dental porcelains should be adjusted using smaller diamond grit sizes with lower removal rates to minimize subsurface damage.

Item ID: 16079
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 2041-3033
Keywords: dental adjustment, diamond burs, finite element analysis, porcelain prostheses, subsurface damage, scanning electron microscopy
Date Deposited: 12 Apr 2011 04:54
FoR Codes: 09 ENGINEERING > 0913 Mechanical Engineering > 091308 Solid Mechanics @ 100%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9204 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) > 920402 Dental Health @ 100%
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