Thermoelectric energy harvesting as a wireless sensor node power source

Knight, C., and Davidson, J. (2010) Thermoelectric energy harvesting as a wireless sensor node power source. In: Proceedings of SPIE (7643) 76431E. p. 1. From: Active and Passive Smart Structures and Integratred Systems2010.

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Size and power requirements of wireless sensor nodes are gradually decreasing and this has allowed data collection across a range of spatial and temporal ranges. These nodes have power requirements that often necessitate batteries as an energy source. As the power requirements decrease for these sensors, alternative energy sources become more attractive. One such technology is thermal energy harvesting. Thermal energy harvesting requires a differential temperature between a heat source and a cool sink. As heat energy flows from source to the sink, energy can be harvested and utilized to power sensor nodes. By exploiting the temperature difference between a sun-warmed plate and a heat sink immersed in water, electrical energy can be harvested. The proposed concept utilizes a thermoelectric device to convert solar energy into electrical power. Initial experiments were carried out at the CSIRO Energy Centre for a variety of winter time intervals in 2009, with peak power outputs in the order of 50mW. Results indicate such a system could power a wireless sensor node continuously at ocean, lake and river water interfaces. We are presently in the process of evaluating the concept by powering a CSIRO FleckTM wireless node to transmit water temperature and battery voltage data.

Item ID: 15847
Item Type: Conference Item (Abstract / Summary)
ISBN: 9780819480583
Date Deposited: 15 May 2011 11:58
FoR Codes: 02 PHYSICAL SCIENCES > 0299 Other Physical Sciences > 029999 Physical Sciences not elsewhere classified @ 100%
SEO Codes: 85 ENERGY > 8505 Renewable Energy > 850599 Renewable Energy not elsewhere classified @ 100%
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