Soybean improvement in the tropics & subtropics

Lawn, Bob (2010) Soybean improvement in the tropics & subtropics. In: Proceedings of Australia-Indonesia Agriculture & Food Security Workshop. p. 38. From: Australia-Indonesia Agriculture & Food Security Workshop, 8-9 June 2010, Canberra, ACT, Australia.

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Abstract

Soybean is a major source of vegetable oil for human consumption and industrial uses and of protein for humans and livestock. Soybean is also useful in cropping rotations because of its ability to fix nitrogen. In Australia, production and yields are variable due to weather and prices and we remain a net importer. Because most varieties are quantitative, short-day plants, with large differences in response to photoperiod and temperature, they often have narrow adaptation across regions and seasons. The long-juvenile (LJ) trait has allowed development of varieties with broader adaptation. The LJ trait has also helped ‘convert’ temperate semi-dwarf and culinary varieties to subtropical/tropical adaptation. Collaborative studies in Thailand and Vietnam show the LJ trait is also useful for raising yield potential in short duration varieties in intensive rotation systems. Generally, soybean is more drought-sensitive than the other tropical grain legumes. Limited progress has been made in breeding truly drought-tolerant varieties, apart from better matching of maturity to available water. Traits that enhance leaf area maintenance may improve recovery after stress and so may improve drought-resistance in rain-fed crops exposed to intermittent stress. In contrast to other grain legumes, soybeans are generally tolerant of saturated soil conditions, to the extent that rice-soybean intercrops are possible where the watertable can be reliably controlled.

Item ID: 15014
Item Type: Conference Item (Abstract / Summary)
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Funders: Australian Academy of Science
Projects and Grants: 7300.57478.1002
Date Deposited: 23 Dec 2010 05:45
FoR Codes: 07 AGRICULTURAL AND VETERINARY SCIENCES > 0703 Crop and Pasture Production > 070305 Crop and Pasture Improvement (Selection and Breeding) @ 100%
SEO Codes: 82 PLANT PRODUCTION AND PLANT PRIMARY PRODUCTS > 8204 Summer Grains and Oilseeds > 820405 Soybeans @ 100%
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