Major colour patterns of reef-building corals are due to a family of GFP-like proteins

Dove, S.G., Hoegh-Guldberg, O., and Ranganathan, S. (2001) Major colour patterns of reef-building corals are due to a family of GFP-like proteins. Coral Reefs, 19 (3). pp. 197-204.

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Reef-building corals are renowned for their brilliant colours yet the biochemical basis for the pigmentation of corals is unknown. Here, we sho that these colours are due to a family of GFP-like proteins that fluoresce under ultraviolet (UV) or visible light. Pigments from ten coral species were almost identical to pocilloporin (Dove et al. 1995) being dimers or trimers with approximately 28-kDa subunits. Degenerative primers made to common N-terminal sequences yielded a complete sequence from reef-building coral cDNA, which had 19.6% amino acid identity with green fluorescent protein (GFP). Molecular modelling revealed a ‘β-can’ structure, like GFP, with 11 β-strands and a completely solvent-inaccessible fluorophore composed of the modified residues Gln-61, Tyr-62 and Gly-63. The molecular properties of pocilloporins indicate a range of functions from the conversion of high-intensity UV radiation into photosynthetically active radiation (PAR) that can be regulated by the dinoflagellate peridinin-chlorophyll-protein (PCP) complex, to the shielding of the Soret and Qx bands of chlorophyll a and c from scattered high-intensity light. These properties of pocilloporan support its potential role in protecting the photosynthetic machinery of the symbiotic dinoflagellates of corals under high light conditions and in enhancing the availability of photosynthetic light under shade conditions.

Item ID: 1453
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1432-0975
Keywords: reef-building coral, pigments, GFP, photoprotection, photosynthetic accessory pigments
Date Deposited: 01 Jun 2007
FoR Codes: 06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0602 Ecology > 060205 Marine and Estuarine Ecology (incl Marine Ichthyology) @ 0%
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