Vulnerability and capacity measurement

Fenton, Mark, Coakes, Sheridan, and Marshall, Nadine (2003) Vulnerability and capacity measurement. In: Becker, Henk A., and Vanclay, Frank, (eds.) The International Handbook of Social Impact Assessment: conceptual and methodological advances. Edward Elgar Publishing, Cheltenham, UK, pp. 211-230.

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Abstract

[Extract] Social impact assessment (SIA) has seen the development of a wide range of techniques, methods and procedures for the assessment of social and community impacts. The techniques themselves are dispersed along a qualitative-quantitative continuum, and rely on participatory or desktop procedures, using either primary or secondary data sources. Calls for multiple methods and the need to triangulate using different assessment techniques, while furthering the methodological rigour within the field, contribute to an ever-increasing emphasis on method and technique within SIA research. It is argued that although many of these techniques certainly make a significant contribution to SIA research and practice, there is nevertheless a critical need to develop broader theoretical and conceptual frameworks within SIA that would guide the implementation and sue of these techniques. This is not an argument for an omnipotent theory of SIA, or an argument for a singular methodological approach. However, it is argued that we should begin to deal with the clutter of techniques, methods and procedures that occupy the conceptual space of SIA. What is needed is conceptual frameworks which assist in organizing and providing direction for both theoretical and methodological inquiry and development. As Rapoport (1985: 256) has indicated, 'conceptual frameworks are neither models nor theories... models describe how things work, whereas theories explain phenomena. Conceptual frameworks do neither, rather they help us to think about phenomena, to order material, revealing patterns'

Item ID: 14399
Item Type: Book Chapter (Research - B1)
Keywords: environmental impact assessment; social impact assessment; vulnerability
ISBN: 978-1-84064-935-2
Date Deposited: 15 May 2013 23:43
FoR Codes: 05 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 0502 Environmental Science and Management > 050204 Environmental Impact Assessment @ 100%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9607 Environmental Policy, Legislation and Standards > 960702 Consumption Patterns, Population Issues and the Environment @ 100%
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