Transition of UHP eclogites to gneissic rocks of low-amphibolite facies during exhumation: evidence from the Dabie terrane, central China

Zhang, Ru Y., Liou, Juhn G., Zheng, Yong F., and Fu, Bin (2003) Transition of UHP eclogites to gneissic rocks of low-amphibolite facies during exhumation: evidence from the Dabie terrane, central China. Lithos, 70 (3). pp. 269-291.

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Abstract

The Shuanghe ultrahigh-pressure (UHP) slab in the Dabie Mountains consists of layered coesite-bearing eclogite, jadeite quartzite, marble and biotite gneiss, and is fault bounded against hosting orthogneiss. Representative assemblages of eclogite are Grt+Omp+Coe+Rt±Ky±Phn±Mgs; it formed at P>27 kbar and 680–720±50 °C. During exhumation, these UHP rocks experienced multistage retrograde metamorphism. Coesite was overprinted by quartz aggregates, phengite by biotite±muscovite and rutile by titanite. Garnet was successively replaced by a thin rim of Amp, Amp+Pl, and Amp+Ep±Bt+Pl (minor). Omphacite and kyanite were replaced by Amp+Pl±Cpx (or ±Bt) and by Zo+Pl+Ms±Mrg±Bt, respectively. Secondary calcite occurs as irregular pockets in some layers. An outcrop near the UHP slab border is composed of not, vert, similar20 thin, concordant layers of foliated eclogites, amphibolite and gneissic rocks of variable bulk composition. These layers exhibit mineral assemblages and textures transitional from less altered through extensively retrograded eclogite to gneissic rock of low-amphibolite facies through hydration, metasomatism and recrystallization. Retrograde metamorphism has caused oxygen and hydrogen isotope disequilibria between some of the minerals, but the fluid for retrograde reactions was internally buffered in the stable isotope compositions. Retrograde metamorphism of variable extent may be attributed to selective infiltration of retrograde fluids of CO2-rich and low-salinity aqueous, intensity of deformation and mineral resistance to alteration. The fluid phase for retrogression may have occurred either as discontinuous flow along grain boundaries in completely retrograded eclogites, and/or as isolated pockets in extensive or less altered eclogite layers.

Item ID: 13794
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 0024-4937
Date Deposited: 03 Nov 2010 00:37
FoR Codes: 04 EARTH SCIENCES > 0403 Geology > 040304 Igneous and Metamorphic Petrology @ 100%
SEO Codes: 97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970104 Expanding Knowledge in the Earth Sciences @ 100%
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