Insecticide susceptibility in the South African malaria mosquito Anopheles arabiensis (Diptera: Culicidae)

Gericke, A., Govere, J.M., and Durrheim, D.N.. (2002) Insecticide susceptibility in the South African malaria mosquito Anopheles arabiensis (Diptera: Culicidae). South African Journal of Science, 98. pp. 205-208.

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Despite a century of insecticide use in agriculture and public health in South Africa, no insecticide susceptibility data exist for the malaria mosquito Anopheles arabiensis in South Africa. Biochemical assays and insecticide susceptibility tests were used to provide baseline data on DDT, deltamethrin, fenitrothion and propoxur susceptibility in field populations of An. arabiensis sampled from three areas, Mamfene, Thomo and Malahlapanga, South Africa, from March to May 1996. Mamfene and Thomo had been exposed for decades to heavy insecticide use for agricultural purposes and for malaria vector control, respectively. Malahlapanga had not been exposed to insecticide use and acted as a control. Mosquitoes from the three areas demonstrated complete susceptibility on standard testing, except for those from Thomo, which showed 75.1% mortality on one-hour exposure to 0.1% propoxur. The results of the biochemical assays showed no elevation of enzyme levels/activity for acetylcholinesterase, non-specific esterases or glutathion-s-transferase. Sensitivity to all the insecticides suggested no heterogeneity within the mosquito populations. This study provides the first insecticide susceptibility and biochemical data for An. arabiensis in South Africa and should serve as the baseline against which to compare chemical resistance when choosing insecticides for malaria vector control.

Item ID: 13678
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1996-7489
Keywords: Anopheles arabiensis; insecticide; sensitivity
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Reproduced with permission from South African Journal of Science.

Date Deposited: 12 Dec 2010 23:12
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1199 Other Medical and Health Sciences > 119999 Medical and Health Sciences not elsewhere classified @ 100%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9299 Other Health > 929999 Health not elsewhere classified @ 100%
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