Estradiol regulation of luteinizing hormone secretion in heifers of two breed types that reach puberty at different ages.

Rodrigues, H.D., Kinder, J.E., and Fitzpatrick, L.A. (2002) Estradiol regulation of luteinizing hormone secretion in heifers of two breed types that reach puberty at different ages. Biology of Reproduction, 66 (3). pp. 603-609.

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Abstract

The working hypothesis was that 17 beta-estradiol (E(2)) negative feedback on the hypothalamic-pituitary axis in regulation of LH secretion decreases during peripuberty in heifers of 2 different genotypes. We investigated whether Bos indicus heifers had a period postpuberty, as compared with prepuberty, of greater E(2) inhibition of LH secretion at a time when heifers of this genotype have been reported to have a period of anestrus. Prepubertal heifers 9 mo of age of 2 genotypes (B. indicus and B. taurus) were assigned to 3 groups (6 animals/group) to either remain intact (control), be ovariectomized, or be ovariectomized and implanted with E(2). Variables evaluated from 10 to 28 mo of age were circulating concentrations of progesterone (P(4)), presence of corpora lutea, and pulsatile pattern of LH release. Results confirmed that B. taurus heifers attained puberty at younger ages (P < 0.001) and at lower live weights (P = 0.015) than did B. indicus heifers (507 +/- 37 days of age vs. 678 +/- 7 days of age; 259 +/- 14 kg vs. 312 +/- 11 kg; respectively). There was cessation of E(2) inhibition of LH pulses coincident with the onset of puberty in heifers of both breed types but at a much younger age in B. taurus heifers. There was no evidence of enhanced negative feedback of E(2) on LH secretion subsequent to puberty in B. indicus heifers nor was there cessation of estrous cycles in control heifers of either breed type after puberty.

Item ID: 13513
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 0006-3363
Keywords: estradiol; hypothalamus; luteinizing
Date Deposited: 09 Nov 2010 23:39
FoR Codes: 07 AGRICULTURAL AND VETERINARY SCIENCES > 0702 Animal Production > 070206 Animal Reproduction @ 51%
07 AGRICULTURAL AND VETERINARY SCIENCES > 0707 Veterinary Sciences > 070799 Veterinary Sciences not elsewhere classified @ 49%
SEO Codes: 83 ANIMAL PRODUCTION AND ANIMAL PRIMARY PRODUCTS > 8303 Livestock Raising > 830301 Beef Cattle @ 100%
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