In vitro culture and interferon-tau secretion by ovine blastocysts

Lo, W. Caroline, and Summers, P.M. (2002) In vitro culture and interferon-tau secretion by ovine blastocysts. Animal Reproduction Science, 70 (3-4). pp. 191-202.

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Abstract

Embryos were collected surgically from superovulated ewes on days 7, 8, 9 and 10 (oestrus=day 0) to evaluate the long-term culture and interferon-tau (IFN-τ) secretion of ovine blastocysts. Embryos were cultured in 2ml Dulbecco’s modification of Eagle’s medium (DMEM) supplemented with 15mg/ml BSA in 5% CO2 in air or DMEM without BSA in 5% CO2, 7% O2, and 88% N2 at 39°C, examined daily for morphological features and diameter and each day placed into fresh culture medium to enable daily measurement of IFN-τ secretion. Nine day-7 and two day-9 embryos were cultured in DMEM with BSA and nine continued to develop. The day-7 embryos reached a mean maximum diameter of 370.0±50.25μm after 4 days in culture. Nineteen day-7, 12 day-8 and five day-10 embryos were cultured in DMEM without BSA but only six of the day-7 and one day-8 embryos survived for at least 7 days with the former reaching a mean maximum diameter on day 7 of 357±43.75μm whereas all five day-10 embryos survived for at least 7 days reaching a mean maximum diameter on day 6 of 1038±155.8μm. An anti-viral assay and a ELISA for IFN-τ were developed. There was a considerable variation in the time of onset and amount of IFN-τ secreted that did not seem to be related to embryo morphology. Of 28 day-7 embryos cultured, 60.7% were secreting IFN-τ after 1 day of culture whereas 87.5% of day-8 embryos were secreting IFN-τ after 1 day in culture. The mean concentration of IFN-τ secreted by day-8 embryos after 1 day in culture (10.99±2.55ng/ml) was not significantly different to day-7 embryos after 2 days in culture (8.8±1.75ng/ml).

Item ID: 13463
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1873-2232
Keywords: blastocysts; embryo culture; interferon-tau; sheep reproductive technology
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Date Deposited: 06 Dec 2010 03:34
FoR Codes: 07 AGRICULTURAL AND VETERINARY SCIENCES > 0702 Animal Production > 070206 Animal Reproduction @ 100%
SEO Codes: 83 ANIMAL PRODUCTION AND ANIMAL PRIMARY PRODUCTS > 8303 Livestock Raising > 830311 Sheep - Wool @ 100%
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