Magnetic resonance imaging of pulmonary damage in the term and premature rat neonate exposed to hyperoxia

Appleby, Christopher J., and Towner, Rheal A. (2001) Magnetic resonance imaging of pulmonary damage in the term and premature rat neonate exposed to hyperoxia. Pediatric Research, 50 (4). pp. 502-507.

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Abstract

Immaturity and oxygen toxicity have been implicated in the pathogenesis of the neonatal disease bronchopulmonary dysplasia. The present study aimed to investigate the use of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to assess hyperoxia-mediated lung injury in the term and premature neonate. Term (gestation, 22 d) and premature (21 d) rat pups were exposed to hyperoxia (>95%) or air for a 6-d period (n = 7) and assessed for lung damage by MRI. Pulmonary signal intensities of T₁-weighted images were significantly increased in both hyperoxia-exposed term and premature neonates, relative to air-breathing controls (p < 0.01). T₂-weighted MRI signal intensities were also greater in premature and term rat pups exposed to hyperoxia, but failed to reach significance (p > 0.05). Elevated MRI pulmonary signal intensities may have represented an increase in magnetic resonance–detectable free water, possibly indicating an increase in edema. Corresponding histologic evidence of lung injury was detected in both term and premature rat pups exposed to hyperoxia. Histologic samples indicated focal regions of alveolar hemorrhage, immune cell infiltration, edema, and collapse in both term and premature rat neonates exposed to hyperoxia. Alveolar air space was assessed (n = 5) by light microscopy within a 0.5 mm² region of the superior left and inferior right pulmonary lobes of each treatment group. Alveolar area of the superior left lung lobe of the premature hyperoxia treatment group was significantly smaller than other treatment groups (p < 0.05). Reduced area for respiratory exchange was probably a result of observed focal areas of edema and collapse. MRI-detectable increases in lung signal intensity may have represented an increase in hyperoxia-induced pulmonary edema in the 6-d-old rat neonate. Increases in signal intensity correlated with the appearance of edema in pulmonary histologic samples. Premature delivery had a less defined effect on lung injury but possibly exacerbated hyperoxia-mediated pulmonary damage.

Item ID: 13371
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1530-0447
Keywords: hypoxia; magnetic resonance imaging; pulmonary damage
Date Deposited: 01 Mar 2013 05:05
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1103 Clinical Sciences > 110320 Radiology and Organ Imaging @ 51%
11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1102 Cardiovascular Medicine and Haematology > 110203 Respiratory Diseases @ 49%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9202 Health and Support Services > 920203 Diagnostic Methods @ 51%
92 HEALTH > 9201 Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions) > 920115 Respiratory System and Diseases (incl. Asthma) @ 49%
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