Predictors of the use of sunscreen in dermatological patients in central Europe

Garbe, Claus, and Buettner, Petra G. (2000) Predictors of the use of sunscreen in dermatological patients in central Europe. Preventive Medicine, 31 (2). pp. 134-139.

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Background. There is mounting evidence that sun exposure is a cause of skin cancer. Therefore, the focus of skin cancer prevention is on sun protection. The present study investigated the use of sunscreens in a sample from the adult Central European population.

Methods. As part of a case-control study of cutaneous melanoma, a total of 498 controls with classical dermatological disorders were selected from hospitals in Central Europe. All people underwent whole-body skin examinations and were interviewed using a standardized questionnaire.

Results. Overall, 40.8% of the people never used sunscreen and of the 281 persons who used sunscreen, 41.5% applied it only once per sun bath. Persons who did not use sunscreen tended to be older (P <0.0001) and of male gender (P = 0.0004. Young people, women, and people who expressed a positive attitude to the sun spent more time in the sun and were more likely to apply sunscreens. People who worked almost always outdoors had a six times increased odds ratio of not using sunscreens (P <0.0001) compared to people who worked always indoors.

Conclusions. Men, older people, and outdoor workers should be targeted in health education campaigns. On the other hand, people who apply sunscreen as a means of sun protection should be advised about adequate usage.

Item ID: 12999
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1096-0260
Keywords: skin cancer; sun protection; sunscreens
Date Deposited: 26 Jul 2012 03:38
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1117 Public Health and Health Services > 111716 Preventive Medicine @ 100%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9204 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) > 920412 Preventive Medicine @ 100%
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