Association of osteoprotegerin with human abdominal aortic aneurysm progression

Moran, Corey S, McCann, Moira, Karan, Mirko, Norman, Paul, Ketheesan, Natkunam, and Golledge, Jonathan (2005) Association of osteoprotegerin with human abdominal aortic aneurysm progression. Circulation, 111 (23). pp. 3119-3125.

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Background: Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is characterized by destruction of the arterial media associated with loss of vascular smooth muscle cells, infiltration of mononuclear cells, and high concentration of metalloproteinases (MMPs) and cytokines. Osteoprotegerin (OPG) has recently been identified in atherosclerosis. The presence and functional importance of OPG in human AAA was investigated.

Methods and Results: In 146 men with small AAA followed up by ultrasound for 3 years, serum OPG was weakly correlated with aneurysm growth rate. Western analysis showed 3-, 8-, and 12-fold-greater OPG concentrations in human AAA biopsies compared with biopsies of atherosclerotic narrowed aorta (1.4+/-0.1 versus 0.5+/-0.1 ng/mg tissue; P<0.002), postmortem nondiseased abdominal aorta (1.4+/-0.1 versus 0.2+/-0.1 ng/mg tissue; P<0.001), and nondiseased thoracic aorta (1.4+/-0.1 versus 0.1+/-0.06 ng/mg tissue; P<0.001). Healthy human aortic vascular smooth muscle cells incubated with recombinant human (rh)OPG (0 to 20 ng rhOPG/10^5 cells per 1 mL per 24 hours) developed an aneurysmal phenotype defined by impaired cell proliferation (P<0.001), increased apoptosis (P<0.01), and increased MMP-9 (92 kDa) expression (P<0.001). Incubation of monocytic THP-1 cells with 1 ng rhOPG/10^5 cells per 1 mL per 24 hours induced a 2-fold increase in MMP-9 expression (P<0.001), a 1.5-fold increase in MMP-2 activity (P=0.005), and a 2-fold stimulation of IL-6 production in these cells (P=0.02). Finally, secretion of OPG from human AAA explant was abrogated by treatment with the angiotensin II blocker irbesartan, with the reduction in secreted levels averaging 63.0+/-0.9 ng/mg tissue per 48-hour period.

Conclusions: These findings support a role for OPG in the growth of human AAA and suggest a potential benefit for angiotensin II blockade in slowing aneurysm expansion.

Item ID: 1268
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1524-4539
Keywords: aortic aneurysm; osteoprotegerin; smooth muscle cell; cytokine; metalloproteinase
Date Deposited: 14 May 2007
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1102 Cardiovascular Medicine and Haematology > 110201 Cardiology (incl Cardiovascular Diseases) @ 100%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9201 Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions) > 920103 Cardiovascular System and Diseases @ 100%
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