War veterans' subjective experiences to acute exercise: considerations for the exercise physiologist

Sealey, Rebecca (2010) War veterans' subjective experiences to acute exercise: considerations for the exercise physiologist. Exercise and Sports Science Australia . pp. 72-73.

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Abstract

Introduction: Regular physical activity has known health and psychological benefits for War Veterans however barriers to adherence include a negative initial exercise experience. The aim of the study is to quantify the subjective exercise experience of previously sedentary War Veterans following an exercise bout.

Methods: Vietnam War Veterans (n=32) presenting with a combination of chronic conditions provided written informed consent and completed the subjective exercise experience scale (SEES) immediately before and after exercise, approved by the JCU Research Ethics Committee. Participants were assigned to one of three groups: 1) vibration and resistance training (20-30 mins); 2) vibration, resistance and aerobic training (40-60 mins); 3) resistance and aerobic training (40-60 mins). A conditions x time repeated measures ANOVA with post hoc Tukey HSD was used to identify differences in positive well-being, psychological distress and fatigue, the SEES items.

Results: 72% of participants reported improved positive well-being, 47% reported less psychological distress and 47% reported increased fatigue following exercise. As a combined group, positive well-being increased (p=0.01) and psychological distress decreased (p=0.01), with no change in fatigue. While not statistically significant, all interventions increased positive well-being (8-23% improvement) however group 2 showed a 4% and 51% (non-significant) increase in psychological distress and fatigue.

Conclusions: An acute exercise bout in previously sedentary, elderly War Veterans resulted in increased positive well-being, however a bout containing multiple exercise modes is psychologically demanding. AEPs may best serve their clients by commencing with a simple program to minimise psychological distress and fatigue, which may negatively impact adherence.

Item ID: 12143
Item Type: Article (Abstract)
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ISSN: 978-0-646-53190-8
Date Deposited: 02 Nov 2010 22:51
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1106 Human Movement and Sports Science > 110602 Exercise Physiology @ 70%
17 PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES > 1701 Psychology > 170114 Sport and Exercise Psychology @ 30%
SEO Codes: 81 DEFENCE > 810102 Army @ 50%
92 HEALTH > 9205 Specific Population Health (excl. Indigenous Health) > 920505 Mens Health @ 20%
92 HEALTH > 9205 Specific Population Health (excl. Indigenous Health) > 920502 Health Related to Ageing @ 30%
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