Surface coverage of filter medium in deep bed filtration: mathematical modeling and experiments

Jegatheesan, V., and Vigneswaran, S. (2000) Surface coverage of filter medium in deep bed filtration: mathematical modeling and experiments. Separation Science and Technology, 35 (7). pp. 967-987.

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This paper highlights the importance of surface coverage in modeling the removal of particles in deep bed filtration. A model that considers the saturation of sites on which particle deposition occurs is used. Experimental results obtained with monodispersed suspensions of 0.46 and 0.816 μm latex particles at different influent concentrations and ionic strengths were used to calculate the fraction of filter grain surface (β1) on which actual particle deposition occurs. This will be useful in evaluating the filter performance in terms of the utilization of available surface area of the filter medium. Further, the level of dendrite formation of particles on filter grains during filtration is expressed in terms of β1 and the specific surface coverage, θT (the fraction of a filter grain surface that is covered by particles at time T, assuming that the filter grain is covered by a monolayer of particles). This can be used to compare the contribution of deposited particles in the removal efficiency of deep bed filtration for suspensions with different physical and chemical characteristics.

Item ID: 1214
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1520-5754
Keywords: deep bed filtration, dendrites, filter grain surface, ionic strength, latex particles,mass concentration, number concentration, monolayer deposition, Specific surface coverage, Surface area concentration
Date Deposited: 09 Nov 2006
FoR Codes: 09 ENGINEERING > 0907 Environmental Engineering > 090702 Environmental Engineering Modelling @ 0%
Downloads: Total: 1
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