Sharks in nearshore environments: models, importance, and consequences

Knip, Danielle M., Heupel, Michelle R., and Simpfendorfer, Colin A. (2010) Sharks in nearshore environments: models, importance, and consequences. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 402. pp. 1-11.

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Theoretical models of coastal shark populations have remained largely unchanged since the 1960s despite limitations in applicability to many species. Smaller bodied coastal species are poorly represented by the current models. A new theoretical model is proposed to represent those species that spend most or all of their life within nearshore waters but do not show use of discrete nursery areas. Description of this new model outlines the importance of nearshore areas to these smaller species. While all coastal shark populations are susceptible to environmental and anthropogenic impacts, species that fit the new model are more vulnerable to varying coastal processes, habitat degradation, and fishing pressure than are species that use nearshore areas for only part of their life-span. The dynamic nature of nearshore areas and their proximity to human populations present all sharks that occur in them with a range of advantages and disadvantages. This paper reviews how different species utilise nearshore areas and how they overcome the challenges they face in inhabiting these areas. Improving and expanding theoretical models of coastal shark populations will provide a better understanding of how sharks use nearshore environments and assist in making conservation and management decisions for these regions.

Item ID: 12120
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1616-1599
Keywords: nearshore; shark; population model; habitat use; distribution; Springer
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Date Deposited: 25 Oct 2010 05:35
FoR Codes: 06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0602 Ecology > 060205 Marine and Estuarine Ecology (incl Marine Ichthyology) @ 40%
06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0602 Ecology > 060201 Behavioural Ecology @ 50%
05 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 0599 Other Environmental Sciences > 059999 Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified @ 10%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9608 Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity > 960805 Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity at Regional or Larger Scales @ 100%
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