The effect of obstruction and perforation on colorectal cancer disease-free survival

Ho, Yik-Hong, Siu, Simon K.K., Buttner, Petra, Stevenson, Andrew, Lumley, John, and Stitz, Russel (2010) The effect of obstruction and perforation on colorectal cancer disease-free survival. World Journal of Surgery, 34 (5). pp. 1091-1101.

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Abstract

Background: Obstruction (OBSTR) and perforation (PERF) in colorectal cancer impact adversely upon outcomes, and cancer-related survival may also be affected. However, data are sparse, particularly on disease-free survival (DFS) where the cancer is both obstructed and perforated (OBS-PERF).

Methods: Data were extracted from a prospectively collected database of 1876 colorectal cancer patients managed and followed up at the Royal Brisbane Hospital from 1984 to 2004. The patients who had curative surgery (n = 1426) were classified as OBSTR (n = 153), PERF (n = 53), OBS-PERF (n = 19), and uncomplicated (UNCOM; n = 1201). Kaplan-Meier survival and Cox proportional hazard analyses were performed.

Results: Postoperative mortality within 30 days of surgery was 1.5% (n = 22) and the overall complication rate was 40.8% (n = 582). However, only 7.2% (n = 102) required reoperations. The median survival time was 71 (IQR = 64.9–77.1) months and the median follow-up for DFS was 37.5 (IQR 14–68) months. The overall recurrence rate was 32.7% (n = 466), the local recurrence rate was 9.4% (n = 135), and local and distant recurrences occurred in the same patient in 4.7% (n = 67). Male gender, OBSTR, PERF, OBS-PERF, emergency operation, major medical and surgical complications, reoperation, TNM staging, tumor grading, and tumor venous invasion adversely affected DFS (p\0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that OBS-PERF (p = 0.008), major medical complications (p = 0.011), reoperation (p = 0.018), TNM staging (p\0.001), grading (p = 0.018), and venous invasion (p = 0.002) were independently associated with a poorer DFS.

Conclusions: OBS-PERF colorectal cancer is associated with a poorer DFS, which may be worse than either OBSTR or PERF alone.

Item ID: 11809
Item Type: Article (Refereed Research - C1)
Keywords: colorectal cancer
ISSN: 1432-2323
Date Deposited: 25 Aug 2010 03:43
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1112 Oncology and Carcinogenesis > 111204 Cancer Therapy (excl Chemotherapy and Radiation Therapy) @ 50%
11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1112 Oncology and Carcinogenesis > 111209 Solid Tumours @ 50%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9201 Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions) > 920102 Cancer and Related Disorders @ 100%
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