Global imperatives and local desires: competing economic and environmental interests in Melanesian communities

Macintyre, Martha, and Foale, Simon (2004) Global imperatives and local desires: competing economic and environmental interests in Melanesian communities. In: Lockwood, Victoria S., (ed.) Globalization and Culture Change in the Pacific Islands. Exploring Cultures: a Prentice Hall series in anthropology . Pearson Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, New Jersey, USA, pp. 149-164.

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Abstract

Since the 1970s, people in Melanesian countries have been beguiled by the prospect of economic development that would enable them to participate in a world market economic system and so allow them to progress, to improve their standards of living, and to take their places as independent nations in a modern world. The forms of participation available to them and those encouraged by international capital entailed the extraction of natural resources - minerals, timber, and fish. In these enterprises, the developers provided the capital and the Melanesians provided the resources and sometimes the cheap labor. These projects were also viewed as ways of supporting emergent independent national governments through equity agreements, taxes, and royalties. "Development" referred to both the economic and the political processes facilitated by resource extraction by multinational corporations.

Item ID: 11576
Item Type: Book Chapter (Research - B1)
ISBN: 978-0-13-042173-9
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Date Deposited: 11 Jun 2010 07:10
FoR Codes: 16 STUDIES IN HUMAN SOCIETY > 1601 Anthropology > 160199 Anthropology not elsewhere classified @ 100%
SEO Codes: 95 CULTURAL UNDERSTANDING > 9599 Other Cultural Understanding > 959999 Cultural Understanding not elsewhere classified @ 100%
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