The secret XUV lives of Cepheids: FUV/X-ray observations of polaris and beta Dor

Engle, Scott G., Guinan, Edward F., DePasquale, Joseph, and Evans, Nancy (2009) The secret XUV lives of Cepheids: FUV/X-ray observations of polaris and beta Dor. In: AIP Conference Proceedings (1135), pp. 192-197. From: 2009 AIP Conference: Future Directions in Ultraviolet Spectroscopy, 20-22 October 2008, Annapolis, MD, USA.

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Abstract

We report on the surprising recent discovery of strong FUV emissions in two bright, nearby Classical Cepheids from analyses of FUSE archival observations and one of our own approved observations just prior to the failure of the satellite. Polaris and beta Dor are currently the only two Cepheids to have been observed with FUSE, and beta Dor is the only one to have multiple spectra. Both Cepheids show strong C III (977 Å, 1176 Å) and O VI (1032 Å, 1038 Å) emissions, indicative of 50,000–500,000 K plasma, well above the photospheric temperatures of the stars. More remarkably, beta Dor displays variability in the FUV emission strengths which appears to be correlated to its 9.84-d pulsation period. This phenomenon has never before been observed in Cepheids. The FUV studies are presented along with our recent Chandra/XMM X-ray observations of Polaris and beta Dor, in which X-ray detections were found for both stars. Further X-ray observations have been proposed to unambiguously determine the origin and nature of the observed high energy emissions from the targets, possibly arising from warm winds, shocks, or pulsationally induced magnetic activity. The initial results of this study are discussed.

Item ID: 11536
Item Type: Conference Item (Refereed Research Paper - E1)
Keywords: Classical Cepheids; stellar pulsations; FUSE; IUE; Chandra; XMM
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ISBN: 978-0-7354-0672-8
ISSN: 1551-7616
Projects and Grants: NASA (Chandra-GO6- 7011A), XMM-Newton grant NNX08AX37G, FUSE grant 06-FUSE8-0088, NSF grant AST05-07542
Date Deposited: 13 Aug 2014 02:03
FoR Codes: 02 PHYSICAL SCIENCES > 0201 Astronomical and Space Sciences > 020110 Stellar Astronomy and Planetary Systems @ 100%
SEO Codes: 97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970102 Expanding Knowledge in the Physical Sciences @ 100%
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