Dissociable influences of NR2B-receptor related neural transmission on functions of distinct associative basal ganglia circuits

Beste, Christian, Baune, Bernhard T., Domschke, Katharina, Falkenstein, Michael, and Konrad, Carsten (2010) Dissociable influences of NR2B-receptor related neural transmission on functions of distinct associative basal ganglia circuits. NeuroImage, 52 (1). pp. 309-315.

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Glutamate is an important excitatory neurotransmitter within functional prefrontal-basal ganglia loops. These distinct loops mediate different cognitive functions. One function of the anterior-cingulate loop is error processing. One function of the orbito-frontal loop is response inhibition. These functions are altered in several neuro-psychiatric disorders like Huntington's disease (HD). Because of the known role of the GRIN2B C2664T polymorphism in HD neuropathology, which is partly due to increased glutamatergic neural transmission, we analyze how this polymorphism influences error processing and response inhibition in a sample of healthy probands (N=65). Combining a genetic approach with event-related potential (ERP) measurements of response inhibition (OFC-loop function) and error processing (ACC-loop function), we provide robust results showing a selective modulation of response inhibition processes by the GRIN2B C2664T polymorphism at the behavioural and neurophysiological level. Response inhibition processes were stronger in the CT/TT genotype group, compared to the CC genotype group. Since error processing functions were not affected, the results suggest for differential influences of the GRIN2B C2664T polymorphism on response inhibition and error processing functions. The results provide first insight into cognitive-neurophysiological effects of the GRIN2B C2664T polymorphism. The dissociation obtained may be due to a differential importance of N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors for glutamatergic neural transmission in different striatal compartments (matrix and striosomes). We provide a model on this that may be a target for future research.

Item ID: 11451
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1095-9572
Date Deposited: 13 Aug 2010 02:52
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1109 Neurosciences > 110999 Neurosciences not elsewhere classified @ 100%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9204 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) > 920410 Mental Health @ 100%
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