Investigation of skeletal muscle quantity and quality in end-stage renal disease

Cheema, Birinder, Abas, Haifa, Smith, Benjamin, O'Sullivan , Anthony J., Chan, Maria, Patwardhan, Aditi, Kelly, John, Gillin, Adrian, Pang, Glen, Lloyd, Brad, Berger, Klaus, Baune, Bernhard T., and Fiatorone Singh, Maria (2010) Investigation of skeletal muscle quantity and quality in end-stage renal disease. Nephrology, 15 (4). pp. 454-463.

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Aim: A more precise understanding of the aetiology and sequelae of muscle wasting in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) is required for the development of effective interventions to target this pathology.

Methods: We investigated 49 patients with ESRD (62.6 ± 14.2 years, 0.3–16.7 years on haemodialysis). Thigh muscle cross-sectional area (CSA), intramuscular lipid and intermuscular adipose tissue (IMAT) were measured via computed tomography as indices of muscle quantity (i.e. CSA) and quality (i.e. intramuscular lipid and IMAT). Additional health and clinical measures were investigated to determine associations with these variables.

Results: Age, energy intake, disease burden, pro-inflammatory cytokines, nutritional status, strength and functioning were related to muscle quantity and quality. Potential aetiological factors entered into forward stepwise regression models indicated that hypoalbuminaemia and lower body mass index accounted significantly and independently for 32% of the variance in muscle CSA (r = 0.56, P < 0.001), while older age and interleukin-8 accounted for 41% of the variance in intramuscular lipid (r = 0.64, P < 0.001) and body mass index accounted for 45% of the variance in IMAT (r = 0.67, P < 0.001). Stepwise regression models revealed that intramuscular lipid was independently predictive of habitual gait velocity and 6 min walk distance, while CSA was independently predictive of maximal isometric strength (P < 0.05).

Conclusion: Ageing, poor nutritional status and elevated interleukin-8 are factors potentially contributing to the loss of muscle quality and quantity in ESRD. These deficits can predict functional impairments, with intramuscular lipid accumulation most closely related to decline of submaximal musculoskeletal performance (walking), and low muscle CSA most closely related to decline of maximal performance (peak isometric strength).

Item ID: 11435
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1440-1797
Keywords: attenuation, cytokines, diabetes, insulin resistance, obesity, quality of life
Date Deposited: 15 Aug 2010 23:52
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1116 Medical Physiology > 111603 Systems Physiology @ 100%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9201 Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions) > 920106 Endocrine Organs and Diseases (excl. Diabetes) @ 100%
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