Unsteady near-shore natural convection induced by surface cooling

Mao, Yadan, Lei, Chengwang, and Patterson, John C. (2010) Unsteady near-shore natural convection induced by surface cooling. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 642. pp. 213-233.

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Natural convection in calm near-shore waters induced by daytime heating or nighttime cooling plays a significant role in cross-shore exchanges with significant biological and environmental implications. Having previously reported an improved scaling analysis on the daytime radiation-induced natural convection, the authors present in this paper a detailed scaling analysis quantifying the flow properties at varying offshore distances induced by nighttime surface cooling. Two critical functions of offshore distance have been derived to identify the distinctness and the stability of the thermal boundary layer. Two flow scenarios are possible depending on the bottom slope. For the relatively large slope scenario, three flow regimes are possible, which are discussed in detail. For each flow regime, all the possible distinctive subregions are identified. Two different sets of scaling incorporating the offshore-distance dependency have been derived for the conduction-dominated region and stable-convection-dominated region respectively. It is found that the scaling for flow in the stable-convection-dominated region also applies to the time-averaged mean flow in the unstable region. The present scaling results are verified by numerical simulations.

Item ID: 11331
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1469-7645
Keywords: boundary layers; gravity currents; Navier–Stokes equations
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Reproduced with permission from Cambridge University Press.

© Cambridge University Press. http://journals.cambridge.org/flm YADAN MAO, CHENGWANG LEI and JOHN C. PATTERSON (2010). Unsteady near-shore natural convection induced by surface cooling. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 642, pp 213-233 doi:10.1017/S0022112009991765

Date Deposited: 18 Aug 2010 00:50
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