Effect of coagulants categories on the fouling and performance of ultrafiltration (UF) membrane

Wang, Yan, Xu, Xiuming, Jegatheesan, Jega, and Gao, Baoyu (2009) Effect of coagulants categories on the fouling and performance of ultrafiltration (UF) membrane. Desalination and Water Treatment, 11 (1-2). pp. 32-37.

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Abstract

The combined coagulation and ultrafiltration (UF) system (C-UF system) is an advanced technology to treat natural organic matter (NOM) present in water. Traditional coagulants—prehydrolyzed inorganic coagulants, organic coagulants and composite coagulants were chosen to treat synthetic water containing humic acid (HA) in order to find an efficient coagulant that could remove NOM from the water effectively. The fouling, removal efficiency of UF and the chlorine decay in the permeate were used to evaluate the effectiveness of the coagulants. The initial UV254 absorption of the tested water samples were from 0.208 to 0.234, and the UV254 after coagulation was from 0.05 to 0.184. The UV254 did not increase after coagulation. Since the humic acid used was soluble, the initial turbidity of the tested water samples were very close to zero. The turbidity increased after coagulation, as the coagulants react with humic acid to form micro-flocs, which cannot be removed fully by sedimentation. The results showed that Polyferric chloride could not remove humic acid efficiently during coagulation process, but removed the humic acid well when used in the C-UF system. Moreover, for polyferric chloride and UF system, the concentration of organic compounds in permeates were minimal indicating very low levels of disinfection by-product formation, if chlorinated.

Item ID: 11202
Item Type: Article (Refereed Research - C1)
Keywords: coagulant; membrane; humic acid; chlorine decay; ultrafiltration
ISSN: 1944-3994
Date Deposited: 28 May 2010 04:17
FoR Codes: 09 ENGINEERING > 0904 Chemical Engineering > 090404 Membrane and Separation Technologies @ 50%
09 ENGINEERING > 0904 Chemical Engineering > 090410 Water Treatment Processes @ 50%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9611 Physical and Chemical Conditions of Water > 961101 Physical and Chemical Conditions of Water for Urban and Industrial Use @ 100%
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