Infant and child injury in Brisbane, Mackay and Mount Isa 1998-2001

Carter, Anthony, Muller, Reinhold, and Pitt, Robert (2009) Infant and child injury in Brisbane, Mackay and Mount Isa 1998-2001. Journal of Rural and Tropical Public Health, 8. pp. 18-24.

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Objectives: Data of injury presentations to emergency departments in the Queensland communities of Brisbane (metropolitan), Mackay (rural) and Mount Isa (remote) were analysed to assess the impact of rurality on infant and child injury.

Methods: A retrospective descriptive study of infant (0 years of age) and child (1 to 4 years of age) injury presentation data in 13 emergency departments in Brisbane, Mackay and Mount Isa from 1998 to 2001. Results: The overall injury presentation rate from 1998 to 2001 for Mount Isa (22,659/105/yr; 95% CI 22,333 to 22,958/105/yr) was significantly higher than the rate for Mackay (10,517/105/yr; 95% CI 10,270 to 10,768/105/yr), which was in turn significantly higher than that for Brisbane (7,944/105/yr; 95% CI 7,850 to 8,040/105/yr). The admission or transfer rate from 1998 to 2001 of 1,994/105/yr (95% CI 1,718 to 2,300/105/yr) for Mount Isa was significantly higher compared to the rates for Mackay (1,335/105/yr; 95% CI 1 225 to 1,453/105/yr) and Brisbane (1,512/105/yr; 95% CI 1,463 to 1,563/105/yr). The estimated cost per presentation per child at risk in the population for Mount Isa ($33/child/year) was more than twice that for Mackay ($15/child/year) and Brisbane ($13/child/year).

Conclusions: The results of this analysis demonstrate that the rates and costs of injury presentations and admissions to public hospitals increase significantly with rurality in Queensland.

Item ID: 11192
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1832-2921
Keywords: infant; child; injury; prevention; safety; rural; Australia
Date Deposited: 27 May 2010 21:56
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1117 Public Health and Health Services > 111706 Epidemiology @ 100%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9204 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) > 920499 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) not elsewhere classified @ 100%
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