Effect of cryo-induced microcracks on microindentation of hydrated cortical bone tissue

Yin, Ling, Venkatesan, Sudharshan, Webb, Daryl, Kalyanasundaram, Shankar, and Qin, Qing-Hua (2009) Effect of cryo-induced microcracks on microindentation of hydrated cortical bone tissue. Materials Characterization, 60 (8). pp. 283-291.

[img] PDF (Published Version) - Published Version
Restricted to Repository staff only

View at Publisher Website: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.matchar.2009...
 
5
9


Abstract

Microcracks accumulate in cortical bone tissue as a consequence of everyday cyclic loading. However, it remains unclear to what extent microdamage accumulation contributes to an increase in fracture risk. A cryo-preparation technique was applied to induce microcracks in cortical bone tissue. Microcracks with lengths up to approximately 20 μm, which were initiated mainly on the boundaries of haversian canals, were observed with cryo-scanning electron microscopy. A microindentation technique was applied to study the mechanical loading effect on the microcracked hydrated bone tissue. The microindentation patterns were section-scanned using confocal laser scanning microscopy to understand the deformation and bone damage mechanisms made by mechanical loading. The results show that there was no significant difference with respect to microhardness between the original and microcracked hydrated cortical bone tissues (ANOVA, p > 0.05). The cryo-induced microcracks in the bone tissue were not propagated further under the mechanical loads applied. The deformation mechanism of the microcracked cortical bone tissue was plastic deformation, not brittle fracture.

Item ID: 11186
Item Type: Article (Refereed Research - C1)
Keywords: cryo-preparation; microcracks; hydrated cortical bone; microindentation; confocal laser scanning microscopy
ISSN: 1873-4189
Date Deposited: 14 May 2010 04:52
FoR Codes: 09 ENGINEERING > 0903 Biomedical Engineering > 090301 Biomaterials @ 50%
09 ENGINEERING > 0903 Biomedical Engineering > 090302 Biomechanical Engineering @ 50%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9204 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) > 920402 Dental Health @ 50%
92 HEALTH > 9204 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) > 920499 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) not elsewhere classified @ 50%
Downloads: Total: 9
More Statistics

Actions (Repository Staff Only)

Item Control Page Item Control Page