Optimum post and tooth root diameters for a cast post-core system

Mou, Yong -Bin, Chen, Ya -Ming, Smales, Roger J., and Yip, Kevin H.-K. (2009) Optimum post and tooth root diameters for a cast post-core system. American Journal of Dentistry, 21 (5). pp. 311-314.

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Purpose: To investigate the optimum diameter for the tapered post of a cast alloy post-core system relative to the root diameter, when measured at the root face, that is required to minimize both post and root failures.

Methods: 32 extracted maxillary central incisor teeth were each decoronated perpendicular to the long axis at a point 2.0 mm occlusal to the labial cemento-enamel junction. Following endodontic canal obturation, the teeth were assigned randomly to four equal groups for different diameter tapered post space preparations. Then 1.10, 1.50, 1.70, and 2.00 mm diameter cast Ni-Cr alloy post-cores and complete crowns without ferrules were fabricated. Each root was embedded in a large gypsum stone block and the crown loaded palatally at 135° from the long axis in a universal testing machine at a crosshead speed of 1.0 mm/minute until failure. Results were analyzed using one-way ANOVA with Tukey - Kramer post hoc tests, and Fisher's exact test, with D = 0.05 for statistical significance.

Results: Mean failure resistance loads were: 0.60, 0.91, 1.00, and 1.38 kN (P< 0.001). All of the 1.10 mm posts failed, without any root fractures. Conversely, none of the 2.00 mm posts failed, but all of the roots fractured. The optimum post to root diameter ratio to minimize failures was approximately 1:4.

Item ID: 11058
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 0894-8275
Date Deposited: 26 May 2010 01:49
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1105 Dentistry > 110501 Dental Materials and Equipment @ 100%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9201 Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions) > 920113 Oro-Dental Disorders @ 100%
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