Comparing maceral ratios from tropical peatlands with assumptions from coal studies: Do classic coal petrographic interpretation methods have to be discarded?

Wust, Raphael AJ, Hawke, Michelle I, and Bustin, R Marc (2001) Comparing maceral ratios from tropical peatlands with assumptions from coal studies: Do classic coal petrographic interpretation methods have to be discarded? International Journal of Coal Geology, 48 (1-2). pp. 115-132.

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Abstract

Petrographic investigations of tropical peat deposits from the Tasek Bera Basin, Malaysia, show that petrographic methods can contribute valuable information about paleoecological settings of mire deposits. Comparing modern peat-forming environments and the pre-maceral composition of peat samples allows the reconstruction of paleoecological conditions, such as floral composition, fires, microbial activity, etc., and gives insight into paleodepositional environments. In the past, maceral ratios of coals have been used to interpret paleodepositional settings of coal deposits. Such a procedure assumes that coal texture and coal maceral composition are dictated solely by the depositional environment, and thus different depositional environments should be clearly discriminated based on maceral ratios. In the modern peat deposits of Tasek Bera, divergent petrographic results occur in similar depositional environments, hence, poor correlation occurs between the petrography, the degree of decomposition, and the depositional environment. Furthermore, from the time of peat deposition, peat is subject to considerable alteration. During subsequent diagenesis, preservation of structured and strongly altered material, such as inertinite, gelified material or funginite, is favoured and results in biased coal maceral compositions. Because maceral indexes in modern peat studies are of little utility in the reconstruction of paleoenvironmental settings, it follows that coal maceral indexes should not be utilized in the future to interpret paleodepositional environments of coals.

Item ID: 981
Item Type: Article (UNSPECIFIED)
Keywords: Tropical peat, Petrography, Macerals, Depositional environment, TPI, Coal analogue, Malaysia
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© 2001 Elsevier. : This journal is available online - use hypertext links above.

ISSN: 1872-7840
Date Deposited: 02 Nov 2006
FoR Codes: 04 EARTH SCIENCES > 0403 Geology @ 0%
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