Direct simulation of fountains with intermediate Froude and Reynolds numbers

Lin, Wenxian, and Armfield, S.W. (2004) Direct simulation of fountains with intermediate Froude and Reynolds numbers. ANZIAM Journal, 45. pp. 66-77.

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Abstract

Fountains with intermediate Froude and Reynolds numbers are of fundamental interest, especially for understanding the mechanism of turbulence and entrainment in turbulent fountains. However there has been little work done to investigate the behavior of these transitional fountains. In this work, the transient behavior of axisymmetric fountains with 1?Fr?8 and 200?Re?800 is studied by direct numerical simulation. It is found that when Re?200, there is little mixing between the downflow of the fountain and the ambient, even for Fr as high as 8; however, when Re?400, the mixing between the fountain downflow and the ambient becomes stronger, indicating that the entrainment and the turbulence are mainly due to Re and the contribution from Fr is much smaller; The maximum fountain penetration height z m fluctuates, even when the flow reaches the quasi-steady state, due to the interaction between the downflow and the bottom boundary and/or the entrainment between the downflow and the ambient; The averaged z m scales with FrRe 1/4 for 1?Fr?8 and 100?Re?800.

Item ID: 9516
Item Type: Article (Refereed Research - C1)
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© Australian Mathematical Society. http://journals.cambridge.org/anz

ISSN: 1446-8735
Funders: Australian Research Council, National Natural Science Foundation, China, Yunnan Provincial Science Foundation, China
Date Deposited: 23 Mar 2010 05:59
FoR Codes: 09 ENGINEERING > 0915 Interdisciplinary Engineering > 091504 Fluidisation and Fluid Mechanics @ 100%
SEO Codes: 97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970109 Expanding Knowledge in Engineering @ 70%
97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970102 Expanding Knowledge in the Physical Sciences @ 30%
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