Knowledge transfer between Australia and China

Courtney, Lyn, and Anderson, Neil (2009) Knowledge transfer between Australia and China. Journal of Knowledge Based Innovation in China, 1 (3). pp. 206-226.

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Abstract

Purpose – This paper aims to address the mechanisms of, and barriers to, knowledge transfer between Australia and China in the tertiary sector.

Design/methodology/approach – Individual focused interviews are conducted with one Chinese and ten Australian senior academics engaged in supervisory roles at all levels of knowledge transfer. Content and sociolinguistics analysis is conducted on the questions: How is knowledge transferred between key academic/research staff? What is the potential for commercialization of research findings between Australia and China? What role does information and communication technology (ICT) play in knowledge transfer?

Findings – Knowledge transfer between Chinese and Australian universities consists of research partnerships, collective publications, and joint degree programs. One-way transfer of knowledge from Australia to China, rather than the desired reciprocal transfer of knowledge, appears to be most common. Barriers to bi-directional knowledge sharing include misunderstandings surround intellectual property and cultural differences, which undermine trust between China and Australia. The participants overwhelmingly hold optimistic views about the potential of commercialization of research findings between China and Australia and report that ICT enhances communications assisted in successful knowledge transfer. However, ICT is reported to be under-utilized because of unequal access to hardware and broadband in China as well as blocking and censorship of communication by China.

Originality/value – This paper contributes to the discourse on international, intercultural and bi-directional knowledge transfer in the tertiary sector and has implications for enhanced academic and research excellence between China and Australia. Moreover, insight into the mechanisms of successful knowledge transfer may be applicable to improve knowledge transfer between Australia and other countries.

Item ID: 9428
Item Type: Article (Refereed Research - C1)
Keywords: knowledge transfer; international research collaboration; international students
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ISSN: 1756-1418
Date Deposited: 12 Apr 2010 06:48
FoR Codes: 13 EDUCATION > 1301 Education Systems > 130103 Higher Education @ 100%
SEO Codes: 93 EDUCATION AND TRAINING > 9399 Other Education and Training > 939999 Education and Training not elsewhere classified @ 50%
95 CULTURAL UNDERSTANDING > 9502 Communication > 950201 Communication Across Languages and Culture @ 50%
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