Alcohol-related interventions in general hospitals in Germany: public health and consultation-liaison psychiatry perspectives
Kremer, Georg, Baune, Bernard, Driessen, Martin, and Wienberg, Gunther (2004) Alcohol-related interventions in general hospitals in Germany: public health and consultation-liaison psychiatry perspectives. In: Diefenbacher, Albert, (ed.) Consultation-Liaison Psychiatry in Germany, Austria and Switzerland. Advances in Psychosomatic Medicine, 26 . Karger, Basel, pp. 118-127.
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Recent epidemiological studies on substance use disorders in Germany revealed valid estimates of incidence and prevalence of alcohol related-disorders. Alcohol abuse and alcohol dependence are among the most common and frequent diseases in the general population. They have a significant impact on physical as well as on mental health status in more than 75%, and they are associated with a variety of DSM-IV Axis I and Axis II comorbid mental disorders in more than 60% of alcohol-dependent persons . In Germany, about 42,000 persons/year die due to alcohol-related diseases, another at least 14,000/year are accepted for early retirement, and in about 850,000 persons/year alcohol causes periods of inability to work. At least 570,000 admissions to general hospitals/year are related to alcohol problems with an economic impact of EUR 1.9 billion each year .
Alcoholism and its common physical and/or mental comorbidity establish many medical and/or psychiatric treatment needs and leads to much higher prevalence rates in the health care system compared to the general population.
|Item Type:||Book Chapter (Research - B1)|
|Date Deposited:||26 Jul 2010 04:47|
|FoR Codes:||11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1117 Public Health and Health Services > 111799 Public Health and Health Services not elsewhere classified @ 100%|
|SEO Codes:||92 HEALTH > 9202 Health and Support Services > 920205 Health Education and Promotion @ 100%|