Dissecting the components of the humoral immune response elicited by DNA vaccines
Rush, Catherine M. , Mitchell, Timothy J., Burke, Bernard, and Garside, Paul (2006) Dissecting the components of the humoral immune response elicited by DNA vaccines. Vaccine, 24 (6). pp. 776-784.
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Although DNA vaccines appear to be efficient at inducing strong cellular immune responses, a number of questions remain regarding their ability to induce humoral immunity. The essential components for generating an antibody response include B and T cell recognition of antigen, subsequent activation, clonal expansion of each lymphocyte type and migration of T cells into B cell follicles to provide help, all leading to germinal centre formation and antibody production. We have employed a double adoptive transfer system based on ovalbumin (OVA)-specific CD4+ DO11.10 T cells and hen egg lysozyme (HEL)-specific MD4 B cells to assess all of these parameters in the context of DNA vaccination in vivo. We find that vaccination with DNA constructs expressing an OVA–HEL gene fusion (encoding contiguous T and B cell epitopes) can induce T cell activation, clonal expansion and migration into B cell follicles accompanied by B cell activation, blastogenesis, expansion and antibody production. These findings show that DNA vaccination can induce all of the components required for humoral immunity and also provide a system for in depth analysis of factors that influence the development of antibody responses. Such strategies may facilitate the rational design of vaccines capable of inducing effective humoral immunity.
|Item Type:||Article (Refereed Research - C1)|
|Keywords:||DNA vaccine; T–B cell interactions; Humoral immunity|
|Date Deposited:||10 May 2010 05:46|
|FoR Codes:||11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1107 Immunology > 110704 Cellular Immunology @ 50%
11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1107 Immunology > 110705 Humoural Immunology and Immunochemistry @ 50%
|SEO Codes:||92 HEALTH > 9201 Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions) > 920108 Immune System and Allergy @ 100%|